What is Programmatic JI?
The concept of a Programme of Activities (PoA) (often called Programmatic JI) is described in paragraph 1 of Annex 38 to the minutes of the CDM Executive Board's 32nd meeting (EB 32, Annex 38, paragraph 1), as follows:
A programme of activities (PoA) is a voluntary coordinated action by a private or public entity which coordinates and implements any policy/measure or stated goal (i.e. incentive schemes and voluntary programmes), which leads to anthropogenic GHG emission reductions or net anthropogenic greenhouse gas removals by sinks that are additional to any that would occur in the absence of the PoA, via an unlimited number of CPAs (EB 32, Annex 38, paragraph 1).
Therefore, a PoA is:
- A voluntary action,
- Implementing a policy, measure or stated goal,
- Coordinated by a public or private entity,
- Resulting in emission reductions or removals that are additional to the most plausible alternative scenario (i.e. the baseline scenario).
The PoA concept was originally developed for the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), but is equally applicable to Joint Implementation (JI) projects. Indeed, several JI PoAs have been determined to date.
The PoA has its origins in a decision of the COP/MOP that local/regional/national policies or standards cannot be considered as CDM project activities, but project activities under a PoA can be registered as a single CDM project activity:
The Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties, ...
- Decides that a local/regional/national policy or standard cannot be considered as a clean development mechanism project activity, but that project activities under a programme of activities can be registered as a single clean development mechanism project activity provided that approved baseline and monitoring methodologies are used that, inter alia, define the appropriate boundary, avoid double-counting and account for leakage, ensuring that the emission reductions are real, measurable and verifiable, and additional to any that would occur in the absence of the project activity (7/CMP.1, paragraph 20).
A PoA is distinct from a bundle of small-scale JI projects, because it is possible to add new JPAs to a PoA without undertaking the determination process afresh. No determination fee is payable on JPAs which are added subsequently to determination.
Joint Programme Activities (JPAs)
A PoA is made up of Joint Programme Activities (JPAs). Multiple JPAs can be included under a PoA at the time of determination and additional JPAs can be added at any point in the life of the PoA.
The rules around JPAs are derived from the rules for CDM Programme Activities (CPAs) within a CDM Programme of Activities (or Programmatic CDM). References to CPAs in the rules below should be read as applying equally to JPAs.
A JPA is defined in terms parallel to the definition of a CPA below:
a project activity under a programme of activities. A CPA is a single, or a set of interrelated measure(s), to reduce GHG emissions or result in net anthropogenic greenhouse gas removals by sinks, applied within a designated area defined in the baseline methodology (EB 32, Annex 38, page 1).
A PoA can involve JPAs being run in multiple countries, in which case a separate letter of approval would be required from each Party involved:
The physical boundary of a PoA may extend to more than one country provided that each participating non-annex I host Party provides confirmation that the PoA, and thereby all
CPAs, assists it in achieving sustainable development (EB 32, Annex 38, paragraph 2).
The private or public entity that coordinates the PoA is referred to as a coordinating/managing entity. This entity is responsible for proposing and overseeing the PoA:
A PoA shall be proposed by the coordinating or managing entity which shall be a project participant authorized by all participating host country DNAs involved and identified in the modalities of communication as the entity which communicates with the Board, including on matters relating to the distribution of CERs (EB 32, Annex 38, paragraph 4).
For more information on the rules applying to PoAs, visit the CDM Rulebook.