The governing body of the Kyoto Protocol is the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties (COP/MOP) and is composed of Parties to the Convention who have ratified or acceded to the Protocol.
The Conference of the Parties is the governing body of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
COP and COP/MOP meetings are ordinarily held at the same time. This structure is intended to reduce costs and streamline management of the UNFCCC/Kyoto Protocol processes. Parties to the UNFCCC that are not Parties to the Convention are still permitted to participate in Protocol-related meetings as observers.
The Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (COP/MOP) supervises the Joint Implementation (JI) mechanism:
The Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (COP/MOP) shall provide guidance regarding the implementation of Article 6 and exercise authority
over the Article 6 Supervisory Committee (9/CMP.1, Annex, paragraph 2).
For more information on the role of the COP/MOP in relation to the Clean Development Mechanism, visit the CDM Rulebook.