Accredited independent entity

Accredited independent entities (AIEs) are independent auditors that assess whether a potential project meets all the eligibility requirements of the JI (determination) and whether the project has achieved greenhouse gas emission reductions (verification). They are accredited by the Joint Implementation Supervisory Committee (JISC) to perform these functions, according to their expertise.

Accredited independent entities are only permitted to carry out determination and verification within the sector for which they have been accredited.

The role of the AIE is set out in full in 9/CMP.1, Annex, paragraphs 32-34:

  1. The accredited independent entity shall make the project design document publicly available through the secretariat, subject to confidentiality provisions set out in paragraph 40 below, and receive comments from Parties, stakeholders and UNFCCC accredited observers on the project design document and any supporting information for 30 days from the date the project design document is made publicly available.
  2. The accredited independent entity shall determine whether:
    1. The project has been approved by the Parties involved;
    2. The project would result in a reduction of anthropogenic emissions by sources or an enhancement of anthropogenic removals by sinks that is additional to any that would otherwise occur;
    3. The project has an appropriate baseline and monitoring plan in accordance with the criteria set out in appendix B below;
    4. Project participants have submitted to the accredited independent entity documentation on the analysis of the environmental impacts of the project activity, including transboundary impacts, in accordance with procedures as determined by the host Party, and, if those impacts are considered significant by the project participants or the host Party, have undertaken an environmental impact assessment in accordance with procedures as required by the host Party.
  3. The accredited independent entity shall make its determination publicly available through the secretariat, together with an explanation of its reasons, including a summary of comments received and a report of how due account was taken of these (9/CMP.1, Annex, paragraphs 32-34).

This is summarised in paragraph 3 of the Guidance on criteria for baseline setting and monitoring:

Under the Track 2 procedure, according to paragraphs 31 (c), 33 (b) and (c) and 37 of the JI guidelines, the accredited independent entity (AIE) shall:

  1. Receive from the project participants a project design document (PDD) that contains all information needed for the determination of whether the project has an appropriate baseline and monitoring plan in accordance with the criteria set out in appendix B of the JI guidelines;
  2. Determine whether the project would result in a reduction of anthropogenic emissions by sources or an enhancement of anthropogenic removals by sinks that is additional to any that would otherwise occur and has an appropriate baseline and monitoring plan in accordance with the criteria set out in appendix B of the JI guidelines;
  3. Make, upon receipt of a report referred to under paragraph 36 of the JI guidelines, a determination of the reductions in anthropogenic emissions by sources or enhancements of anthropogenic removals by sinks reported by project participants in accordance with appendix B of the JI guidelines, provided that they were monitored and calculated in accordance with paragraph 33 of the JI guidelines (Guidance on criteria for baseline setting and monitoring, JISC 4, Annex 6, paragraph 3).

Related topics

Accreditation of independent entities

Track 2 determination

Track 2 verification

Withdrawal of accreditation

Joint Implementation Supervisory Committee

Joint Implementation Accreditation Panel

Joint Implementation Assessment Team