Project boundary

The project boundary for a non-LULUCF project sets the limits of the project, from the perspective of calculating the emission reductions attributable to the project.  The Joint Implementation Supervisory Committee (JISC) has clarified the requirements for the project boundary as follows:

In the case of a JI project aimed at reducing emissions, the project boundary shall:

  1. Encompass all anthropogenic emissions by sources of GHGs which are:
    1. Under the control of the project participants;
    2. Reasonably attributable to the project; and
    3. Significant, i.e., as a rule of thumb, would by each source account on average per year over the crediting period for more than 1 per cent of the annual average anthropogenic emissions by sources of GHGs, or exceed an amount of 2,000 tonnes of CO2 equivalent, whichever is lower; and
  2. Be defined on the basis of a case-by-case assessment with regard to the criteria referred to in subparagraph (a) above. If an approved CDM baseline and monitoring methodology is used the project boundary shall be defined in line with the approved methodology (Guidance on criteria for baseline setting and monitoring, JISC 4, Annex 6, paragraph 11).

The project boundary for a LULUCF project sets the limits of the project, from the perspective of calculating the removals attributable to the project.  The JISC has clarified the requirements for the project boundary as follows:

In the case of a JI LULUCF project, the project boundary shall:

  1. Geographically delineate the JI LULUCF project under the control of the project participants. A JI LULUCF project may contain more than one discrete area of land. In this case:
    1. Each discrete area of land should have a unique geographical identification;
    2. The boundary should be defined for each discrete area and should not include the areas in between these discrete areas of land;
  2. Encompass all anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of GHGs which are:
    1. Under the control of the project participants;
    2. Reasonably attributable to the project; and
    3. Significant;
  3. Account for all changes in the following carbon pools: above-ground biomass, below-ground biomass, litter, dead wood, and soil organic carbon. Project participants may choose not to account for one or more carbon pools if they provide transparent and verifiable information that indicates that the pool is not a source;
  4. Be defined on the basis of a case-by-case assessment with regard to the criteria referred to in subparagraph (b) above. If an approved CDM baseline and monitoring methodology is used the project boundary shall be defined in line with the approved methodology (Guidance on criteria for baseline setting and monitoring, JISC 4, Annex 6, paragraph 12).

For the CDM, the Methodologies Panel (Meth Panel) is currently working on specific proposals for consideration by the Executive Board on how to operationalise the terms "under the control of" and "reasonably attributable".  Pending decisions on these terms by the Executive Board, project participants are invited to explain their interpretation of the terms when submitting a new methodology (CDM Glossary of Terms, Version 03).  Once these clarifications have been provided, it is likely that participants in Joint Implementation (JI) mechanism projects will be eligible to use this guidance in setting project boundaries.

The delineation of the project boundary must be described in the project design document (PDD):

The delineation of the project boundary and the gases and sources/sinks included shall be described and justified in the relevant JI PDD. It is encouraged to use a figure or flow chart. All gases and sources/sinks included should be explicitly stated. Exclusions of any sources/sinks related to the baseline or the project shall be justified (Guidance on criteria for baseline setting and monitoring, JISC 4, Annex 6, paragraph 13).

Related topics

ERU

What is a baseline?

Accredited independent entity

What is additionality?

Track 2 monitoring

Leakage

Crediting period

Project design document